Monitors and TVs

How to Fix a Monitor With a White Screen

Possible Causes

Loose Cable Connections: A bad connection between your computer and the monitor is a common problem.

Computer Issues: Problems with the graphics card or software drivers can cause display issues.

Monitor Hardware Failure: Internal components within the monitor itself can be malfunctioning.

Troubleshooting Steps

Check the Cables:

Inspect: Visually examine the power cable and video cable (HDMI, DVI, VGA) for damage.

Secure Connections: Make sure that both ends of the cables are properly plugged into your computer and monitor. Try unplugging and replugging them for a clean connection. Some connectors have a locking mechanism. Make sure it’s engaged.

Test with Another Cable: Try using a different cable (same type) to rule out a faulty cable itself.

Power Cycle Everything:

Turn Off: Power down your computer and monitor completely.

Unplug: Unplug the power cables from both for at least 30 seconds. This allows any residual power to drain.

Restart: Reconnect the power cables and restart your computer and monitor.

Verify Your Computer

Boot Up: If you can see the boot logo or BIOS information on the screen but just slightly it means that the monitor is functional and the issue is likely with your computer.

Try Another Output: If your computer has multiple video outputs (HDMI or DisplayPort), connect the monitor to a different port using the other cable. This helps isolate the issue to see if it’s with a specific port on your computer.

Check Graphics Card and Drivers:

Dedicated GPU: If you have a dedicated graphics card make sure it’s properly seated in its slot on the motherboard.

Drivers: Update your graphics card drivers to the newest version. Outdated drivers do cause display problems. You can download them from the website of your graphics card manufacturer (AMD, Nvidia, Intel).

Safe Mode: Try booting your computer into Safe Mode. In Safe Mode only essential drivers load. If you see a normal display in Safe Mode it suggests a problem with your graphics card drivers in normal operation.

Monitor Self-Test

Most monitors have a built in self test function. This usually involves pressing a certain button combination on the monitor’s controls while it’s powered on. If the self test displays colors or patterns correctly the issue likely is coming from your computer or the connection itself.

Advanced Troubleshooting (If Basic Steps Fail)

Reset Monitor Settings: Many monitors have a reset button that can restore factory settings. This can solve the configuration issues.

Open the Monitor (Not Recommended): This should only be attempted by those comfortable with electronics repair. Opening the monitor itself will expose you to electrical hazards and void warranties. You might be able to visually inspect for blown capacitors or other internal damage.

Advanced Diagnostics

Monitor OSD: Many monitors have an on-screen display (OSD) menu accessible through the monitor’s own controls.

Check here for:

Input Selection: Check that the correct input source is selected (HDMI, DisplayPort etc.) to match your cable connection.

Diagnostic Modes: A built-in color pattern test might help confirm a working display panel.


Fn Keys: Many laptops use a function key combination (like Fn+F8) to change between the laptop screen and an external monitor. Make sure you’re in the correct mode.

BIOS Settings: Sometimes incorrect BIOS display settings will lead to issues on external monitors. You may need to access your laptop’s BIOS to make sure it’s configured correctly for your setup.

Deeper Troubleshooting

Reseating Graphics Card: (Only for desktop PCs with dedicated graphics cards)

  • Power Down: Fully shut down the computer and unplug it.
  • Reseat: Remove the graphics card and then reseat it into its PCIe slot. Make sure that all the power connectors are attached where they’re supposed to be.
  • Check for Damage: While the card is out look for visual signs of damage like dust build-up, bent pins or scorch marks.

Alternate Graphics Source:

Dedicated GPU Testing: If your motherboard has onboard graphics outputs connect your monitor there to see if you get any signal. This isolates a failed graphics card.

CPU with Integrated Graphics: Many Intel processors (excluding F-series) have integrated graphics. If yours does disconnect the dedicated GPU entirely and connect the monitor to the motherboard’s graphics outputs. This eliminates compatibility issues with the dedicated card.

Monitor Repair (If Hardware Fault)

Internal Components: Troubleshooting inside the monitor gets complex:

Power Supply Board: Failed capacitors are somewhat easy to identify but require soldering for replacement.

Main Logic Board: Diagnosing problems here requires specialized knowledge and sourcing replacement parts.

Panel Failure: Replacing the display panel itself most of the time doesn’t make sense when you could just be buying a new monitor.

Important Things

DIY Risk: Working inside electronics comes with the risk of shock even when unplugged. Unless experienced, it’s safer and more economical to ask a professional repair shop for monitor issues. If they’re asking you for too much money or if the have a diagnose fee either try a different shop or just cut your losses and buy a new monitor or graphics card depending on which one is the problem.

Age of Monitor: The age of your monitor is important. Repairing newer or high end monitors can make sense, but with older displays the cost of repair almost always doesn’t make sense cost wise.

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